Sri Varadendra Teertharu

Sloka : 
Sanskrit :
वादे विजयशीलाय वरदाय वरार्थिनाम् ।
वदान्यजनसिंहाय वरदॆंद्राय तॆ नमः ॥

Kannada :
ವಾದೇ ವಿಜಯಶೀಲಾಯ ವರದಾಯ ವರಾರ್ಥಿನಾಮ್ |
ವದಾನ್ಯಜನಸಿಂಹಾಯ ವರದೇಂದ್ರಾಯ ತೇ ನಮಃ ||

Telugu :
వాదే విజయశీలాయ వరదాయ వరార్థినామ్ |
వదాన్యజనసింహాయ వరదేంద్రాయ తే నమః ||

 

HISTORY

The name of Varadendratheertha has been very famous in the history of the Mutt. He was a great scholar. A well known victor in debates. The Mutt saw all round development during his period. The swamiji was very versatile. He undertook tour all over South India. In the course of his tour of Southern region, one Somaraja (1761-1785), a Nayak, had his desire fulfilled by gifting estates on the    second day of Ashwayuja Shuddha in Jaya samvatsara of 1774.1 The swamiji received Dhanapura and other villages as gift from rulers like Veeravenkata Tirumalaraya and Balasatjung Bahadur in   Shalivahana Shaka 1691 corresponding to A.D.1769. The swamiji was an erudite scholar. Equally shrewd he was in administrative matters. Sri Jagannathadasa, a scholar in four Shastras known to be  a paragon among Haridasas, did his studies under the swamiji and composed Varadendrapancharathna malike, a poem in extollation of the swamiji.The swamiji extended special encouragement to  Haridasa literature. The Haridasa literature once again had its revival now just as how it was patronised during the period of Chandrikacharya in the past. It was exactly the swamiji’s period which saw  the grandconvergence of Apparokshajnanis like Vijayadasa, Gopaladasa, Jagannathadasa. These Haridasas used to visit the Mutt and return with the blessings of swamiji. Apart from this, the swamiji  himself has composed Tantrasara in Kannada in the form of songs. Jagannathadasa has written a song depicting the benefits it confers.What needs a special mention here is that the swamiji gave his special blessings to Praneshadasa, a disciple of Jagannathadasa. ouring places when the swamiji reached Lingasoogur, Kulkarni Yogeendraraya (Praneshadasa), a disciple of the Mutt played host to the swamiji first at his house. It was afternoon when the swamiji smilingly asked, “Dear Dasa, what are you going to offer to Moolarama?” “All belongs to the Mutt. Your Holiness can take whatever you want”.“I see the stack of Jowar crop in the backyard. Gift that place to me”.“Why just that swamiji? I would like to offer you a better place”. “No. I need that only”.“As you wish”.So saying, Praneshadasa gifted it to the swamiji dedicating it to Lord Krishna. Saying “Let this be in your possession only. When  want it, you give me its possession”, the swamiji continued his tour.

Pune was under the administration of Peshwas then. Balaji Bajeeraya was at the helm of affairs. Ramashastri, a famous dwaitha scholar had become a judge for Peshwas for his sagacity in dispensing justice. The swamiji reached that place. Peshwas, who were Brahmins, accorded a cordial reception to the swamiji and felicitated him. The stage was set for a debate between swamiji and Ramashastri. It was Ramashastri’s house where the debate was scheduled to take place. The debate began on the condition that in the event of Ramashatri’s defeat, his house had to be ceded to the swamiji or if it is otherwise, the swamiji had to relinquish all his titles and honours. At this point of time, Jayaramacharya, the poorvashrama son of Vadeendratheertha came to the venue. The coincidental visit of such an erudite scholar was much delighting for the swamiji. He accorded him a warm welcome. Participating in the debate between the swamiji and Ramashastri, Jayaramacharya was mainly supportive to the swamiji. The swamiji triumphed.Complying with the condition, Ramashastri ceded the house and left for Kashi. His house became the sacred abode of Lord Moolarama.1 The affluent in Pune were Adwaithis. Neverthelessgreatly admiring swamiji’s scholarship, they treated him with special honours. Spending the last days of his life at Pune, the swamiji reached his heavenly abode on the sixth day of Ashadha Shuddhain Vishwavasu Samvatsara there itself.

His disciple Bhuvanendratheertha built a Mutt there and installed the Brindavan of his guru; devotion and  fervour accompanying. Solong as Peshwas ruled, funds flowed liberally for poojas and other rituals.The swamiji after attaining Brindavan at Pune ordained Praneshadasa, appearing in his dream on the same night, that he should see to the conduct of regular poojas and other rituals for the Tulsi plant under the stack of Jowar, the place gifted to theswamiji by Praneshadasa earlier which symbolises the presenceof swamiji there. Praneshadasa found himself in infinite joy. Immediately he got up and finished his bath and other morning rituals. He removed the  stack with the help of others. To the utter surprise of all, there stood the tall Tulsi plant. The spot was consecrated and poojas began from that day onwards. The pooja of the Tulsi plant went on for sometime. Later as per the orders of the swamiji, a Brindavan was made out of rock brought from a quarry at Gulaganji and installed there. Swamiji’s Padukas brought from Pune were also placed. Varadendraswamy Mutt was built there. From then till today, swamiji’s Aradhana is being celebrated in all geity and devotion. Devotees offer there obeisance in strict adherence there and have their wishes fulfilled. Varadeshavitthaladasa, a disciple of Praneshadasa has rendered the incident of Praneshadasa’s dream in the form of a poem. Praneshadasa has composed many Keerthanas on swamiji. It is indeed praiseworthy that an institution to promote publication of Haridasa literature under the name Varadendra Haridasa Sahitya Mandala has been functioning at Lingasugoor even today.

 

HOW TO REACH THIS PLACE

Pune is well connected by Train, Road and Air. Sannidhana of Sri Varadendra Teertharu is located around 8 KMs from main Bus Station, 5 KMs from Railway Station and around 12 KMs from Air Port.  Prepaid taxi is the best way to reach the shrine from these places. 

 

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References 


ರಾಮನಗೃಹ ವೀರಾಮಗಾಯ್ತು ಆ | ರಾಮಗೆವಿರಾಮವು ಆಯ್ತು ||
ರಾಮಣೀಯಕಪುರದೀ ಮೆರೆದು ಮುನಿ | ಶ್ರೀಮಂತಗೆ ಸನುಮತವಾಯಿತು        -ವರದೇಶವಿಠಲ


Source : Gurucharite

 

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